What Are the Sunniest Cities in Canada?

What Are the Sunniest Cities in Canada?

Canada boasts some of the most livable cities in the world. But one thing it doesn’t have that much of is sunny weather. Still, if you’re fueled by bright sunshine and can’t stand cloudy skies, there are quite a few Canadian cities that offer ample blue skies.

In this article I’m going to tell you what the sunniest city in Canada is and provide a list of other sunniest cities in Canada.

I created my list by researching climate data provided by the Environment Canada (Canadian Climate Normals).

Below I’m listing the top 10 sunniest Canadian cities with most hours of bright sunshine in the country. Later in the article I also share the entire table with data for 49 major Canadian cities.

Top 10 Sunniest Cities in Canada

Sunniest Canadian Cities

The top10 sunniest cities in Canada are spread across 5 provinces, with Alberta scoring 5 out of 10 spots. Here they are:

1. Medicine Hat, Alberta – 2,544 hours of sunshine a year

The famously sunny Albertan city of Medicine Hat is the sunniest city in Canada. Located in the Palliser’s Triangle, it features a semi-arid climate that gives the city dry weather and plentiful sunshine. There’s a reason why Medicine Hat is one of the most popular retirement cities in Canada (and it’s not only lots of sunshine yearly but also warm summers). If you need lots of bright sunshine year round, this is your best bet.

Note that Canada’s sunniest city may enjoy plenty of sun but it’s still cold in the winter.

2. Lethbridge, Alberta – 2,507 hours of sunshine a year

The second of the sunniest cities in Canada is also located in the semi-arid steppe called the Palliser’s Triangle. Lethbridge shares a similar climate to Medicine Hat and gets only 37 fewer hours of bright sunlight annually. It’s at a higher altitude, though, with the nearby Rocky Mountains giving it slightly cooler summers. If you want sunny weather but more temperate summers, this is a good alternative for you.

3. Calgary, Alberta – 2,396 hours of sunshine a year

The third sunniest city in Alberta is Calgary, the most populous city on this list. Like the previous two sunniest cities, Calgary also enjoys a sunnier climate due to being in the drier Great Plains region of Canada. The main difference in sunshine hours between Calgary and Medicine Hat is that the latter has more hours of bright sunlight in the summer. Calgary also has a humid continental climate while the previous two cities are semi-arid.

4. Winnipeg, Manitoba – 2,353 hours of sunshine a year

Winnipeg is the first sunny city on our list that isn’t in Alberta. The main difference is that Winnipeg gets long, severely cold winters, while Medicine Hat has much more tolerable and shorter winters. Still, colder temperatures nonetheless, Winnipeg has a very sunny climate for Canada standards.

5. Edmonton, Alberta – 2,345 hours of sunshine a year

After Calgary, Edmonton is the second most populous city in this ranking. While it has some of the coldest winter months in major Canadian cities, its coldest months are still milder than in Winnipeg (which is slightly sunnier) or Regina and Saskatoon (which have a slightly less sunny climate).

6. Regina, Saskatchewan – 2,318 hours of sunshine a year

Regina is one of two cities in Saskatchewan that enjoy more bright sunshine than the rest of the country. Curiously, the city, situated on a bald, treeless plain, has all of its 500,000+ trees hand planted. There were no trees in sight when the settlers arrived to the area in 1870.

7. Saskatoon, Saskatchewan – 2,268 hours of sunshine a year

Saskatoon, the largest city of the province of Saskatchewan, has a cold, semi-arid climate. It has fewer hours of sunshine annually than Regina but its drier climate means lower humidity and a slightly more tolerable weather.

8. Windsor, Ontario – 2,261 hours of sunshine a year

Windsor, the only city in Ontario enjoying so many sunny days that it landed in the top10 of the sunniest Canadian cities, is also one of the warmest cities in Canada. If you’re looking for a combination of the sunniest and warmest weather in Canada, Windsor is one of the best options.

9. Grande Prairie, Alberta – 2,198 hours of sunshine a year

For Canada’s standards, Grande Prairie is a sunny city. But despite getting a lot of bright sunshine, its climate borders on a subarctic climate which makes it by far the coldest city out of the sunniest places in the country. Because it’s located close to the Canadian Rockies, the city also gets strong winds, which further impacts how cold it gets there.

10. Victoria, British Columbia – 2,193 hours of sunshine a year

Victoria is the only major Canadian city located in British Columbia that’s featured on this list. While British Columbia enjoys the highest temperatures in the country, the region as a whole isn’t as sunny as the sunniest areas of Alberta. Still, Victoria, like Windsor, offers one of the best climates in the country. It’s not only the sunniest city in British Columbia but also one of the warmest, with mild winters to boot.

If you’re researching the sunniest places in Canada but don’t want to give up mild winter weather, Victoria is your best option. It’s Canada’s sunniest city with a most temperate climate, never very cold or very hot.

Video Summary of the Sunniest Canadian Cities

Is the Sunniest City in Canada Located in the Sunniest and Warmest Province?

While Alberta is the sunniest province due to so many cities there enjoying plenty of sunny days, the province has cold winters. If you’re after the best weather, that is the sunniest and the warmest, there are other provinces that may get fewer sunshine hours but are noticeably warmer.

If you’re curious about these provinces, I wrote a separate article about the topic: What’s the Sunniest Province in Canada? In the article, I cover the difference in sunshine hours between Medicine Hat and other major cities in Canada. I also share which province is the best mix of sunny and warm weather.

49 Major Cities in Canada Ranked by Annual Sunshine Hours

Winnipeg, the Fourth Sunniest City in Canada

I created the table below by researching data for the 100 biggest municipalities plus one biggest city of Yukon and the three territories (because they had no municipalities among the 100 most populous in Canada). The result is 49 of Canada’s large cities because many didn’t have any weather stations nearby that tracked hours of bright sun. Please check the closest geographically city then to determine if a given place has sunny weather.

CityProvinceSunshine hours
Medicine HatAlberta2544
LethbridgeAlberta2507
CalgaryAlberta2396
WinnipegManitoba2353
EdmontonAlberta2345
ReginaSaskatchewan2318
SaskatoonSaskatchewan2268
WindsorOntario2261
Grande PrairieAlberta2198
VictoriaBritish Columbia2193
MississaugaOntario2161
BramptonOntario2161
Thunder BayOntario2121
HamiltonOntario2111
OttawaOntario2084
GatineauQuebec2084
KamloopsBritish Columbia2080
TorontoOntario2066
SarniaOntario2060
MontrealQuebec2051
LavalQuebec2051
St. CatharinesOntario2023
Norfolk CountyOntario2014
MonctonNew Brunswick2002
PeterboroughOntario1999
Greater SudburyOntario1973
FrederictonNew Brunswick1971
HalifaxNova Scotia1963
KingstonOntario1959
KelownaBritish Columbia1949
GuelphOntario1948
Saint JohnNew Brunswick1947
NanaimoBritish Columbia1940
VancouverBritish Columbia1938
North BayOntario1922
Sault Ste. MarieOntario1920
Prince GeorgeBritish Columbia1918
Quebec CityQuebec1916
AbbotsfordBritish Columbia1887
Kawartha LakesOntario1859
SherbrookeQuebec1845
YellowknifeNorthwest Territories1841
WhitehorseYukon1827
CharlottetownPrince Edward Island1827
Trois-RivièresQuebec1823
Cape BretonNova Scotia1817
LondonOntario1793
St. John'sNewfoundland and Labrador1633
IqaluitNunavut1477

Further Reading

Make sure to check my list of the warmest cities in Canada as well. You may also want to read my article “What City Has the Best Weather in Canada?”

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